Serbia/ 6.2 Public cultural expenditure  

6.2.2 Public cultural expenditure broken down by level of government

Table 9:     Public cultural expenditure: by level of government, 2008

Level of government

Total expenditure in CSD

Total expenditure in EUR

% share of total

State (central, federal)

7 313 157 000

81 500 000

38%

Regional (provincial)

5 755 943 000

67 716 698

32%

Local (municipal, incl. counties)

5 421 580 000

63 783 302

30%

TOTAL

18 105 000 000

217 000 000

100%

Source:     Municipalities in Serbia 2009, Office for Statistics of the Republic of Serbia; documentation materials from Ministry of Culture, Secretary for Culture AP Vojvodina 2009.

The present statistical system does not provide precise data concerning the share of different levels of government in the public financing of culture. In 2008, government subsidies at national level accounted for about 38% of the total public cultural expenditure; municipalities accounted for about 30%, and the Province of Vojvodina took up the remainder (32%). In the structure of public cultural expenditure of municipalities, Belgrade City government subsidies account for about 5% of the total public cultural expenditure of municipalities, while Belgrade municipalities account for about 10%. The remaining 140 municipalities account for about 15% of local public expenditure, which indicates regional and local disproportion concerning cultural life as well as network density of cultural institutions. Increased participation of local governments in public expenditure for culture is due to their obligation to participate in the financing of regional networks of museums, archives and institutes for protection of cultural monuments that have regional status.

In 2007, the new budget line dedicated to cultural projects and programmes was introduced by the Ministry of the Diaspora and allocation of public funds is realised by open competitions. In 2007, 100 projects were supported with a budget of 650 000 EUR, while in 2008, there were 112 supported projects with a budget of 447 500 EUR (see also chapter 3.4.6).

In 2011, the budget of the Ministry of Culture was 54 million EUR, nominally 10 % smaller than in 2010. The share of the Ministry of Culture in the total government budget in 2012 was 0.68%, which represents same level as the share of the Ministry of Culture in 2010 (0.65%). In the structure of the Ministry of Culture budget, for example, the running expenses and salary of the Ministry of Culture increased by 15%, while these type of expenses in the cultural institutions increased by 19%. Financial support for open competitions, as well as for different programmes and projects in the field of culture, increased by 20% - from 11 million EUR to 13.3 million EUR. The amount of money intended for competitions as well as ad hoc cultural projects accounts for approximately 16% of the total budget of the Ministry of Culture. In 2011, the share of the Ministry of Culture in the total government budget has reached the lowest level in the last 10 years (0.65%). Out of the total budget of the Ministry of Culture, 25% goes to central government administration of culture, while the amount of money intended for public competitions and ad hoc projects accounts for approximately 20% (11 million EUR), while the budget for public cultural institutions funded by central government accounts for 50%.

For the year 2013. Ministry of Culture has set its priorities on the capital projects of several major cultural institutions, including reconstruction of the National Museum and Museum of Contemporary Art. In the same year, Ministry of culture have made some structural changes in principle of allocation of funds. Running expenses and salaries of republic cultural institutions will stay on the same level, while the amounts allocated for the direct financing of independent projects is reduced in favor of capital (reconstruction) projects of major cultural institutions.

Table 10:   Share of the budget of the Serbian Ministry of Culture in the total government budget, in thousand CSD and in EUR, 1997-2012

Year

Budgetary expenses of the Republican government

Budgetary expenses of the Ministry of Culture

Proportion of the budget of the Ministry of Culture

CSD

EUR

1997

13 820 981

311 834

-

2.26%

1998

16 807 473

289 154

-

1.72%

1999

17 640 691

245 088

-

1.57%

2000

32 702 454

557 690

15 934 000

1.71%

2001

127 339 827

1 074 235

23 871 000

0.84%

2002

217 379 629

1 389 625

22 818 000

0.64%

2003

318 691 919

2 954 919

47 814 000

0.93%

2004

362 045 252

5 851 070

85 305 000

1.62%

2005

400 767 778

5 608 642

70 548 000

1.40%

2006*

459 407 647

6 376 627

78 240 000

1.38%

2007*

551 126 440

4 942 284

60 345 000

0.89%

2008

695 959 075

6 888 157

81 000 000

0.98%

2009

748 652 903

6 895 770

72 587 000

0.92%

2010

738 645 297

5 860 797

58 607 970

0.79%

2011

846 919 908

5 541 260

55 412 600

0.65%

2012

797 994 245

5 698 555

54 271 954

0.68%

Source:     Statistical Yearbook 2000 and 2002, Office of Statistics of the Republic of Serbia, Law on Budget of Republic of Serbia for 2000-2011.
*                 Excluded is expenditure of the National Investment Plan.
Note:         By the end of 2003, the Radio-Television of Serbia (public broadcasting service), the Regulatory Agency for Broadcasting, and the public enterprise PANORAMA were financed through the budget of the Ministry of Culture.

The share of the Ministry of Culture in the total government budget increased in the period from 2004 to 2006, but this budget growth doesn't mean a real increase of financial resources for cultural and art production (programmes). Starting from 2004, Radio-Television of Serbia (public broadcasting service), the Regulatory Agency for Broadcasting, the public enterprise PANORAMA, and the publishing organisation "Bratstvo" (journals, newspapers, magazines in the Bulgarian language), were financed through the budget of the Ministry of Culture. Financing activities of these organisations took up around 45% of the budget of the Ministry of Culture. By the end of 2006, financing of those organisations was cut, due to the introduction of new legal forms of their financing (e.g. broadcasting license fees, TV subscriptions, etc.). This is one of the reasons why the share of the budget of the Ministry of Culture is reduced in 2007., as there are no more "media" expenditures in it, while the rate of participation in payment of TV subscriptions has finally achieved the desired level of 80% (the resistance to the "renewal" of TV subscription in Serbia was great, as the "boycotting" of the payment of the subscription was part of the democratic battle at the end of 1980s and beginning of 1990s).


Chapter published: 08-02-2013


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