8.3.1 Institutional overview
A debate on programmes and models of arts education began after 2000 within the Ministry of Education and was initiated by the University of Arts, Belgrade. Until now, arts education has been integrated in the curricula of primary and secondary schools only for a few disciplines, namely, literature, music, and fine arts. There are no drama, film or media literacy courses and, during the last ten years, workshops as well as extracurricular activities have disappeared from a great number of schools. The Law on Education had the intention to introduce changes to reverse this trend, which would have an impact on students entering primary and secondary school in autumn 2003, but it did not become operational.
However, since 2007 the National Council on Education has worked on creating a new national educational platform which defines concepts and priorities for further work on strategy. Several public debates were organised within this framework, relevant to the inclusion of artistic education in primary and secondary schools. Emphasis was specifically given to drama education which still is lacking in the national curricula. This document: Guidelines for development and improvement of the quality of pre-school, primary and secondary education in Serbia, was approved by National council in February 2010, and work on strategy development started.
In the past years, only music education was systematically developed along specific educational lines, starting with Elementary Music Schools (in each municipality), Secondary Music Schools (in big cities) and Schools of Higher Musical Education (University of Arts in Belgrade, Novi Sad, Kragujevac and Nis). Two ballet schools, at secondary level, are located in Belgrade and in Novi Sad. There are also several secondary schools for design and crafts.