5.1.4 Social security frameworks
There are no specific social security programmes for practitioners working in the arts and culture sector. There is the National Social Security Authority of Zimbabwe (NSSA) which is a body corporate, established by an Act of Parliament in 1989 to administer social security schemes in Zimbabwe. It started operations in October 1994 with two schemes namely the National Pension Scheme (NPS) and the Workers Compensation Insurance Fund (WCIF) also known as The Accident Prevention Scheme. These two schemes cover members in formal employment and therefore referred to as occupational schemes. The NSSA Act 17:04 however does not make a clear definition of formal employment. Arts and culture practitioners who are in formal jobs are covered by NSSA.
There are also some programmes that are administered by the various bodies (for instance National Employment Councils) under which some sections of arts and culture fall. For example the National Employment Council for the Printing, Packaging and Newspaper Industry established its own pension fund, in April 1988. The object of a Pension Fund is to provide benefits to Members and Pensioners who are or have been employed by The Printing, Packaging and Newspaper Industry and also for the Dependants of Members or Pensioners upon their death.