8.3.4 Higher arts education and professional training
Higher arts education in Zimbabwe is offered by universities and colleges and it takes various forms at these institutions. Universities that offer arts Education include the University of Zimbabwe (Department of Theatre Arts), Midlands State University (Department of African Languages and Culture, Department of Music and Musicology and Department of Theatre Arts.), Great Zimbabwe University and Chinhoyi University of Technology. In addition, in the numerous Education Faculties at these universities there are Curriculum and Arts departments in which student teachers or often already practicing teachers and lecturers at colleges of education are trained in arts practice, theory and teaching methods. These tertiary institutions mainly provide training which leads to the awarding of degrees. Most of the training offered is rooted in theoretical work with very minimal practical training.
Besides universities there are the colleges of education or teacher training colleges themselves where teachers are trained to teach the arts curriculum. A tendency from the colonial era has been inherited in which teacher training colleges train teachers in music and ethnomusicology studies only - to the exclusion of theatre, dance and the visual arts.
Outside of the universities there are ‘dedicated’ colleges and institutions offering degree, diploma or certificates training programmes, most frequently in music but less numerous in dances, fine arts, theatre arts and film and television. These include the Zimbabwe College of Music, the Zimbabwe Academy of Arts Education (both offering university-accredited degrees and diplomas), the Dance Trust of Zimbabwe and the National Gallery’s BAT Arts Workshop.
However most of the arts education programmes in Zimbabwe are inhibited by lack of infrastructure and human resources. Most of the properly trained human resources have left the country due to economic hardships. The government cannot afford to purchase proper equipment for the effective delivery of arts and culture training.