4.2.10 Gender equality and cultural policies
Gender plays a minor role in cultural policy debates. Following World War II, women played and continue to play a leading role in the cultural field. The problem can be seen at another level: while women represent the majority of employees in the cultural sector, only 30% of managerial positions are held by women in Serbia.
On the other hand, there are quite a number of women in key positions such as the State Secretary of Culture and half of the directors of national cultural institutions, such as the Museum of Contemporary Arts, the National Museum, the Museum of Applied Arts, the National Theatre in Subotica, the Ethno Museum "Old village" in Sirogojno, the Theatre Museum, the Historical Museum of Serbia, the Museum of History of Yugoslavia, etc.
In many municipalities in Serbia, the position of City Secretary for Culture, (or City Officer for Cultural, Educational & Social affairs – in smaller municipalities), is held by women. Still, the issue of gender had to be considered more seriously, as general statistical data on gender equality in Serbia is not promising. Also, within governmental reconstructions or in a time of crisis, women are usually first to be dismissed, scapegoats of multi-party coalitions (as demonstrated by the easy "rejection" of female state secretaries for culture, dismissing one who is very competent with another less qualified person, or later with another with no professional competence in culture, shows that there is a lot of manipulation of women within parties, but also within public administration structures).