8.1.1 Overview of strategies, programmes and direct or indirect forms of support
The majority of support for creativity is given to cultural institutions and their productions and to NGOs on the basis of project competitions.
There are no public incentives for free-lance artists to, for example, write a book, create a visual art work, etc. They do have the possibility of applying for funds to support the exhibition and presentation of their work inside and outside of the country. However, there are no precise application procedures or any transparency in decision-making. Only a few private funds support artistic creativity such as: the "Borislav Pekic" Fund (for writing a novel) or the "Madlena Jankovic" Fund (usually for musicians).
Real mechanisms of support for artistic production still need to be created.
Artists are allowed a tax deduction of between 40-65% on their earnings for expenses related to their work (without documentation).
Support to creativity is the most underdeveloped area of cultural policy, which still needs a lot of work to build up measures, incentives and instruments. In September 2004, a working conference, "Cultural Policy and Art Production" was organised at the University of Arts in Belgrade, which provided a platform to discuss future policy measures in this field.
In 2007, the New Decree on Special Recognition / Acknowledgment for Extraordinary Contribution to Artistic Creativity, and a committee for evaluating excellence, was created. The state budget has an allocation to support 250 "grants" (monthly allocations) – popularly named "National Artistic Pensions". Following this model, the Ministry of Science granted "national pensions" for researchers - there were only 8 of them, of which 2 were given to musicologists.